Danto, Arthur. Summary: Danto thought that the artworld changes as the reality, so do artistic theories. Shakespeare: Hamlet, Act III, Scene IV AMLET and Socrates, though in praise and deprecation respectively, spoke of art as a mirror held up to nature. As with many disagreements in attitude, this one has a factual basis. THE ARTWORLD * Hamlet: Do you see nothing there ? 19 (October 1964): 571-584. In 1964, Danto wrote an article, “The Artworld”, which changed the debate on aesthetics and art forever. Danto thought that the evidence of Socrates’ theory “Art is an imitation” is inadequate (Socrates’ audience… It is the theory that takes it up into the world of art, and HOW OBJECTS BECOME “ART”. The claim that “the artworld” confers the status of “art” onto objects remains utterly mysterious. Art, according to Hegel, is a moment of Spirit, together with philosophy and religion. 19, American Philosophical Association Eastern Division Sixty-First Annual Meeting. 'Discovery' of a whole new class of artworks is akin to the discovery of a whole new class of facts. Art was taken as a mirror of nature in tradition, like Socrates (accurate duplications of the appearances of things) and Hamlet (revealing us to ourselves). Danto tells us that we cannot "separate Brillo cartons from the gallery they are in, any more than we can separate the Rauschenberg bed from the paint upon it" and that "outside the gallery, they are pasteboard cartons" and "scoured clean of paint, Rauschenberg's bed is a bed, just what it was before it was transformed into art." How "is" each box artwork? What is the difference between an arm rising and my raising it, between what merely happens and what I do? Danto also relies on Hegel’s interpretations of art in The Phenomenology of Spirit and in his Lectures on Aesthetics for philosophical grounding. As Danto surmises, “To see something as art requires something the eye cannot descry — an atmosphere of artistic theory, a knowledge of the history of art: an artworld.” The Artworld Arthur Danto The Journal of Philosophy, Vol. The “artworld” is a generic notion that designates a sphere of human activity that involves practices that create goals that have led to the emergence of formal and informal institutions. Arthur Danto, "The Artworld" Notes: Danto suggests a picture of change in artistic theory which resembles change of scientific theory. “The Artworld.” Journal of Philosophy 61, no. Andy Warhol's "Brillo Boxes" look just like ordinary ones. Importance of art world. plays a part in which theories are embraced or snubbed. 61, No. The Queen: Nothing at all; yet all that is I see. The artworld (comprised of critics, curators, collectors, dealers, etc.) In writing The Artworld, art writer and philosopher, Arthur Danto, laid out a history of how art history had to change its theories of what art was supposed to be in the face of new objects. - Socrates: reflect; Hamlet: reveal - Socrates focuses his discussion of art on mimesis because at the time artists were engaging in imitation "What in the end makes the difference between a Brillo box and a work of art consisting of a Brillo Box is a certain theory of art.