Realism is about recreating life in literature. The field of arts (music, art, literature) has offered us a lot over time. Thomas. endobj Promulgated at the first Congress of the Union of Soviet Writers in 1934, the doctrine of socialist realism was appearing in Vietnamese newspapers just one year later. Realism in literature was part of a wider movement in the arts to focus on ordinary people and events. They will persist at the expense of all else, including practical behavior. OE1 FICHE DE SYNTHÈSE • Vie parisienne VS vie en province • La condition de la femme • La puissance des instincts, de l’hérédité, des tares physique et psychique • La maladie et la mort • Le monde de l’industrie, des machines, du commerce et de l’argent 0000008110 00000 n 11 0 obj %%EOF Historical Context • Population of the United States is growing rapidly. Realism in America was therefore a 20th century idea in literature through which reflections of this era were portrayed. Realism refers to any attempt to portray life accurate. � 2 0 obj [0 0 792 612] >> Dateigröße in KByte: 897. Si des écrivains comme Balzac et Stendhal ont déjà ouvert la voie au réalisme, en tant que volonté de représenter la réalité – humaine, sociale ou « naturelle » –, c'est Flaubert qui le fait triompher avec la publication de Madame Bovary en 1857. x�b```f``1d`e`\� Ȁ �@1V�݉@~���G�[9̡� a���R$� �J���2\�2�cja�ʹ�i6C&S�"�"��?���ō���.��g8�0���B�'��r���h� 0000002469 00000 n 9. 4�.0,` �3p� ��H�.Hi@�A>� t���]~��I�v�6�Wٯ��) |ʸ2]�G��4��(6w��‹�$��"��A���Ev�m�[D���;�Vh[�}���چ�N|�3�������H��S:����K��t��x��U�'D;7��7;_"��e�?Y qx [ /ICCBased 12 0 R ] 0000001309 00000 n 11 0 obj<>stream stream << /ProcSet [ /PDF /Text ] /ColorSpace << /Cs1 7 0 R /Cs2 8 0 R >> /Font << Writing became characterized by acute observation, description of local scenery, humour, and, not infrequently, a pervasive pessimism, as could be seen in novels such as Anton… A1�v�jp ԁz�N�6p\W� p�G@ Other articles where Realism is discussed: Belgian literature: Realism and other post-Romantic trends: Led by a Realist, Domien Sleeckx, a reaction against Romanticism set in about 1860. In American literature, the term "realism" encompasses the period of time from the Civil War to the _____ A. >> Epochenüberblick: Realismus 1 Realismus 1. [7A�\�SwBOK/X/_�Q�>Q�����G�[��� �`�A�������a�a��c#����*�Z�;�8c�q��>�[&���I�I��MS���T`�ϴ�k�h&4�5�Ǣ��YY�F֠9�=�X���_,�,S-�,Y)YXm�����Ěk]c}džj�c�Φ�浭�-�v��};�]���N����"�&�1=�x����tv(��}�������'{'��I�ߝY�)� Σ��-r�q�r�.d.�_xp��Uە�Z���M׍�v�m���=����+K�G�ǔ����^���W�W����b�j�>:>�>�>�v��}/�a��v���������O8� � Marlon Brando's warbled cry of 'I could've been a contender!' The realism art movement of the nineteenth century was a dramatic shift from the exotic and poetic Romanticism that dominated the art world in the decades prior. Realism as a movement in literature was a post-1848 phenomenon, according to its first theorist Jules-Français Champfleury. It is a new and harsher realism. 0000076725 00000 n The Puritan Era Age of Reason Transcendentalism 1600 - 1750 1750-1800 1800-1840 1840-1855 American Literature Romanticism 1865-1915 Realism 1916-1946 Modernism 1946 – Present Contemporary and Post-Modern Period . Together, they make inter-national relations largely a realm of power and interest. 10 0 obj 0000062773 00000 n Dateigröße in MByte: 19. Literary realism, in particular, introduced a new way of writing and a new generation of authors whose influence can still be seen in American literature and English literature to this day. Sprache: Englisch. The genre of Realism is expressed around the world, in art, literature, and music, exposing the raw, naked, factual truths of life. Séquence n° 4 – La Parure : un conte réaliste ? 7 0 obj Realism is one of the dominant schools of thought in international relations theory, theoretically formalising the Realpolitik statesmanship of early modern Europe.Although a highly diverse body of thought, it is unified by the belief that world politics is always and necessarily a field of conflict among actors pursuing power. On the Influence of Naturalism on American Literature Xiaofen Zhang Dezhou University, Dezhou 253023, China E-mail: dzzxf369@163.com Abstract Naturalism was first proposed and formulated by French novelist Emile Zola, and it was introduced to America by American novelist Frank Norris. Characteristics Magical realism is a literary genre that has sometimes frustrated critics who have been unable to define the style with any precision. Realism emphasizes on scientific subjects and neglects art and literature. Salut c’est la premiere fois que je fais un exposer cest sur le realisme au 19e siecle je vous en suplis aider moi. Authors; Erin Mercer; Book. Repression and Realism in Post-War American Literature. Learn more. x��Ko����)��������(>$�9&�����H� R�IA�e>R~կ��Z$Eq�����������Է�7����V��j��_rZ������y�&��|���]P�*z3/фi�nM�4g�U7��#�{��O�m��)��vOy�9hu���v6�ƣUՠ��}�� �h��VV��x���7U��ߩ�|�{͎,��_�)i��ى��VF����RiY�4k�kPn�[[��l��F�W�q:Z����J!�1�̴J�(j]_z����Iه#�V����vp2����!�����U�r:?Nb��s�,e�2fʧ����^��������bd��|�� uuͩ�1���nի�+=/��;u�z�V]�����W�l>�T�s�ѷ�>1�����Ȩ��O���:A���Ç�a�����xq� 12 0 obj XG��ůUS[���I���J���*$�:7���鶪O{�7�@�Hb{����IS�*�IH{��!&�U�vb'S�\���9�9�;�^�D=_i��U������$�����M�ҳ�Kԫ�N-���.����������N�#�z��щ"O�n}�Q��k�K���i�����6��}�x��'=N!? Realism literature is a reaction to heroism and romanticism that portrayed unrealistic deeds by elevated members of society. trailer Nor even the kind of questions put to theory by our editors. End of the Civil War C. Yesterday 10. res - Ding, Sache, Wirklichkeit. Alfred Habegger: Gender, Fantasy, and Realism in American Literature - Sprache: Englisch. Realism vs. Idealism. It contains notes on British Romanticism, American Romanticism, Naturalism, Realism and Modernism that you can print out, copy and distribute to your students (who will think you’re awesome for not making them copy things they could easily just take a picture of with their cell phones). 0000000996 00000 n 0000076906 00000 n 0000004600 00000 n Als Realismus wird eine Literaturströmung des 19. %PDF-1.4 %���� << /Length 16 0 R /Filter /FlateDecode >> Realism was characterized by its attention to detail, as well as its attempt to recreate reality as it was. << /ProcSet [ /PDF /Text ] /ColorSpace << /Cs1 7 0 R /Cs2 8 0 R >> /Font << 14 0 obj In the Norton anthology of American literature, the editor discusses the role of these two literary techniques in America’s history. endobj Recommended for you Realism in America was therefore a 20th century idea in literature through which reflections of this era were portrayed. endobj le pdf Objectif : connaître les principes fondateurs ainsi que les auteurs majeurs des grands courants littéraires du XIX e siècle. endobj Realism has not only shaped important schools and periods in literary history, but has also been a fundamental constant of all literature, its first theoretical formulation being the principle of mimesis in Aristotle's Poetics. As a result, plot was no longer the central to the focus of the author, but rather creating interesting and complex characters took precedence. H�lS�n�0��+�HMR�D����=�z0r�mZf�(�(7@?����dYq���1�3�����p��8�J)�S��&A�3n�Ap��'�d���x�� ъ �����K� 5 0 obj << /Length 5 0 R /Filter /FlateDecode >> Ces articles pourraient vous intéresser. Buy eBook. 0000006838 00000 n Other articles where Realism is discussed: Belgian literature: Realism and other post-Romantic trends: Led by a Realist, Domien Sleeckx, a reaction against Romanticism set in about 1860. 0000001728 00000 n Répondre. Fails to … (eBook pdf) - bei eBook.de In fact, a hallmark of idealism is imagining things not as they currently are but as they would be in a perfect world. >�,��[�L���ۮ;h\�e%� While other ‘isms’ in Western literature such as realism, romanticism and symbolism took at least half a century to take hold in Vietnam, socialist realism did so with record speed - in just one year. Realism in American Literature, 1860-1890. Figural Realism in Witness Literature Hayden White The definitions of theory given by our editors in their call for contributions to this issue of parallax would hardly justify the kind of hostility to theory currently abroad in the cultural sciences. ‘Realism and World Politicsis a critical but appreciative analysis of Waltz’s thinking from Man, the State, and Warthrough Theory of International Politics and beyond. 2612 Writing became characterized by acute observation, description of local scenery, humour, and, not infrequently, a pervasive pessimism, as could be seen in novels such as Anton… 0000001991 00000 n Realism is any effort to portray life as it truly is. Jahrhunderts und darüber hinaus eine epochenunabhängige literarische Darstellungsweise bezeichnet. << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Resources 17 0 R /Contents 15 0 R /MediaBox 17 0 obj Die Periode der deutschen Literaturgeschichte zwischen 1850 und 1899 wird auch bürgerlicher Realismus oder poetischer Realismus (so Otto Ludwig) genannt; diese Begriffe betonen … Lee (Chapter 4) identifies the main challenge to realism in the rise of China’s soft power and in the theoretical shortcomings of the endobj Le réalisme est un mouvement littéraire de la seconde moitié du XIXème siècle qui vise à représenter le réel de la façon la plus fidèle possible.. realism and Mearsheimer’s offensive realism in the light of the challenges of the allegedly unipolar post-Cold War world. 9�$��g�Lg�"��wmQux�Z/_RT&�9.Z?Z�����z�X�h�K��]#. endobj u^��:���UUI����?c%��i�Ɍ�T��*���x���uI���K�P���dC>�x�-͙!ݟ��c��x''�۽|�o�n�����}��"5)��HP�iEY�|��CO�����K͸)�4"$PDD��y�J3bc%sTe�03��EDO�O��2�-�$��Sf��\����s��=͜m(C���TqMnmӻ��:6�`BAu?R�3��(���0�1{����m�� ?�:h������%#���r~� �-M5���da�gE*B� �{�57��qnn�;-�$��C����ԤB!��6�LZ\l�����p����b�j]g�E�}�;�Ma��X�!�Ԥ�=A�PF��"J%+����_ �8�%����O���� ����vq����Pw����m;��HG�� ��]0;{�9�TaV193&'����������EQ眨���9?���EE6���9���� q J�a�����m��>����ۍ���` f0\ Authors; Erin Mercer; Book. One of the prominent names who skillfully employs these literary currents in his fiction is Philip Roth. realism and Mearsheimer’s offensive realism in the light of the challenges of the allegedly unipolar post-Cold War world. rings in the ears of every classic film fan. ���� � "x E�6��S��2����)2�12� ��"�įl���+�ɘ�&�Y��4���Pޚ%ᣌ�\�%�g�|e�TI� ��(����L 0�_��&�l�2E�� ��9�r��9h� x�g��Ib�טi���f��S�b1+��M�xL����0��o�E%Ym�h�����Y��h����~S�=�z�U�&�ϞA��Y�l�/� �$Z����U �m@��O� � �ޜ��l^���'���ls�k.+�7���oʿ�9�����V;�?�#I3eE妧�KD����d�����9i���,�����UQ� ��h��6'~�khu_ }�9P�I�o= C#$n?z}�[1 0000008331 00000 n This lesson will address the movement known as social realism, which had its roots in the 1870s. Main Article: The Oxford Handbook of American Literary Realism, ed. Der Realismus ist eine literarische Strömung im … 1 Citations; 638 Downloads; Part of the American Literature Readings in the 21st Century book series (ALTC) Log in to check access . x��wTS��Ͻ7��" %�z �;HQ�I�P��&vDF)VdT�G�"cE��b� �P��QDE�݌k �5�ޚ��Y�����g�}׺ P���tX�4�X���\���X��ffG�D���=���HƳ��.�d��,�P&s���"7C$ Here are a few differences between realism and naturalism: The history of naturalism can be traced back to the nineteenth century where this movement was supposed to be the extreme form of realism. J. Adams: Magic Realism in Holocaust Literature - Troping the Traumatic Real. Lectures by Walter Lewin. Realism arose as an opposing idea to Idealism and Nominalism. Realism emerged in literature in the second half of the nineteenth century, most predominantly in novels. endobj Keith Newlin (New York: Oxford UP, 2019), 621–47 [electronic version: oxfordhandbooks.com]. Cette séquence porte sur l'étude intégrale d'une nouvelle très courte de Guy de Maupassant : La Parure. Novembre . Pour étudier cette nouvelle, j'ai découpé le texte en trois parties afin d'établir une progression : - 1ère partie : Situation initiale - 2ème partie : … (1865 -1915) • Science, industry and transportation are expanding. 0000000016 00000 n endobj 289 0000013034 00000 n In American literature, the term "realism" encompasses the period of time from the Civil War to the turn of the century during which William Dean Howells, Rebecca Harding Davis, Henry James, Mark Twain, and others wrote fiction devoted to accurate representation and an exploration of … 0000063212 00000 n Ƨ�����\�J��Om .�`K[B^:�s_���*]�Bpl�1p� endobj They will make you ♥ Physics. Bonne journée. 0000062957 00000 n �jM�{-�4%���Tń�tY۟��R6����#�v\�喊x:��'H��O���3����^�&�����0::�m,L%�3�:qVE� Historical Context • Population of the United States is growing rapidly. PDF | At the outset, this paper presents a brief introduction to Magic Realism. Doesn’t give any importance to ideals and values. 0000062544 00000 n Pixels are glowing and changing before your eyes, creating patterns that your mind transforms into words and sentences. (1865 -1915) • Science, industry and transportation are expanding. Instead, they focus on everyday lives and people in ordinary times and places. xref Idealist literature spotlights characters who place substantial importance on pursuing their values and principles—whether moral, philosophical, or political. In the spirit of general "realism," Realist authors opted for depictions of everyday and banal activities and experiences. 8 0 obj Realism accepts real needs and real feelings only. /TT1.0 9 0 R /TT2.1 19 0 R >> >> But a conscious program of literary realism did not appear until the 1850s, and then it was inspired by the painter Courbet’s aesthetic stance. To download Neo Classical literature PDF version, click here. It doesn’t believe in imagination and sentiments. 432 0000010365 00000 n Uи���VYdX@E�^�I�|q�f�W�6��%.a�QZ�S�y��H+��u�Z1�J��s�R�i��K��S-�2��6�k��9����A�7��-i�%�6�ks���m#�gQЉ����_��QV;ca�`�I����-���vL���/dy���~b��a��)B�\�+�`���l�'����t���ZgxE����cPg�MKW�Q���f�BD�Cn��A����u�le�a�=���E�!�)B��'���"�y� 19th Century Literature (1799 to 1900) The 19th-century literature is merged with three ages. 16 0 obj In this paper I analyzed how Philip Two such genres in these fields that exist even today include romanticism and realism. However, certain traits are singled out as being typical of the genre. Though naturalism and realism are inter-related, they are two different genres of literature. In American literature, realism is described as a term that covers the period from the time of the Civil War to the 20th century-an era during which the realism of Twain and James was highly praised. Realism and Naturalism in American Literature. 0000001232 00000 n Check out this Literary Periods Lesson Plans pdf. Turn of the century B. Documents of Modern Literary Realism, eBook pdf (pdf eBook) bei hugendubel.de als Download für Tolino, eBook-Reader, PC, Tablet und Smartphone. It aims to reproduce " objective reality ", and focused on showing everyday, quotidian activities and life, primarily among the middle or lower class society, without romantic idealization or dramatization. Broadly defined as "the faithful representation of reality" or "verisimilitude," realism is a literary technique practiced by many schools of writing. In American literature, realism is a literary technique that shows the realities in life while naturalism on the other hand attempts to apply scientific analysis and detachment in its study of human beings. H�|TOk�0��S. In American literature, realism is described as a term that covers the period from the time of the Civil War to the 20th century-an era during which the realism of Twain and James was highly praised. x�Q�NA��+�L��x߻% D��@�D 吒��� �^4�ō��zƷ� This realism developed more and grew stronger than the ‘Crass-Realism’ of Zola. But a conscious program of literary realism did not appear until the 1850s, and then it was inspired by the painter Courbet’s aesthetic stance. 0000001652 00000 n 15 0 obj endstream endobj 22 0 obj<>stream stream instead of a romanticized or similarly stylized presentation. 0000002270 00000 n Definitions. MARIE. 0000006019 00000 n Le réalisme est un mouvement littéraire qui cherche à décrire la nature, les hommes, la société, tels qu'ils sont, sans les embellir. Even today, newer genres are created to keep those interested in the field engaged. Lee (Chapter 4) identifies the main challenge to realism in the rise of China’s soft power and in the theoretical shortcomings of the endstream endobj endobj ;,oG�~S\2�?���*6ل�q�R���Ʈq���e*>��4{ƽbsu�n����e�1�\X�HM�a&J�������� Répondre. endstream endobj %PDF-1.3 It doesn’t believe in imagination and sentiments. Realism - Realism - The novel: In literature, the novelist Honoré de Balzac was the chief precursor of realism, given his attempt to create a detailed, encyclopaedic portrait of the whole range of French society in his La Comédie humaine. Bonjour ! No thinker since 1979 has so captured the imagination and critical thinking of the fi eld of IR as Waltz. Dans quelle matière faites vous cet exposé ? Both use similar subjects in their work, but the portrayal of these subjects varies greatly. We will explore how this movement became one of the primary styles in literature, theatre, and films. PDF | At the outset, this paper presents a brief introduction to Magic Realism. 0000003899 00000 n ��K0ށi���A����B�ZyCAP8�C���@��&�*���CP=�#t�]���� 4�}���a � ��ٰ;G���Dx����J�>���� ,�_“@��FX�DB�X$!k�"��E�����H�q���a���Y��bVa�bJ0՘c�VL�6f3����bձ�X'�?v 6��-�V`�`[����a�;���p~�\2n5��׌���� �&�x�*���s�b|!� Realism vs Naturalism in Literature. This creates imbalanced curriculum. 0000006158 00000 n In the spirit of general "realism," Realist authors opted for depictions of everyday and banal activities and experiences. You’re looking at a computer screen. << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Resources 6 0 R /Contents 4 0 R /MediaBox [0 0 792 612] Realism in literature chronicles the lives of ordinary people--farmers, shop keepers, waitresses, construction workers. stream 0000009769 00000 n Doesn’t give any importance to ideals and values. stream Magical realism is a literary genre that has sometimes frustrated critics who have been unable to define the style with any precision. 0000055471 00000 n stream In other words, magical realism can be defined as stories rooted in reality—with a touch of, well, magic. 6 0 obj It is often thought that realism is a particular tendency of Victorian fiction, and it is certainly significant that the earliest uses of the word realism to refer to the faithful representation of the real world in literature or art date from the 1850s.The novelist of the period who most often uses the word (commonly in opposition to ‘the ideal’) to describe her own aims is George Eliot. 0000003221 00000 n << /Length 13 0 R /N 3 /Alternate /DeviceRGB /Filter /FlateDecode >> Academia.edu is a platform for academics to share research papers. Realism accepts real needs and real feelings only. The philosophy of Realism is that _____ control the destiny of an individual. %��������� x�U�o�T>�oR�? Lecture Objectives • To gain an overview of the historical context and literary concerns of Realism . Realism in literature was part of a wider movement in the arts to focus on ordinary people and events. 1047 1 Citations; 638 Downloads; Part of the American Literature Readings in the 21st Century book series (ALTC) Log in to check access . ߏƿ'� Zk�!� $l$T����4Q��Ot"�y�\b)���A�I&N�I�$R$)���TIj"]&=&�!��:dGrY@^O�$� _%�?P�(&OJEB�N9J�@y@yC�R �n�X����ZO�D}J}/G�3���ɭ���k��{%O�חw�_.�'_!J����Q�@�S���V�F��=�IE���b�b�b�b��5�Q%�����O�@��%�!BӥyҸ�M�:�e�0G7��ӓ����� e%e[�(����R�0`�3R��������4�����6�i^��)��*n*|�"�f����LUo�՝�m�O�0j&jaj�j��.��ϧ�w�ϝ_4����갺�z��j���=���U�4�5�n�ɚ��4ǴhZ�Z�Z�^0����Tf%��9�����-�>�ݫ=�c��Xg�N��]�. In this light, a series of chapters addresses the rise of China in the post-Cold War era. endstream endstream For the Love of Physics - Walter Lewin - May 16, 2011 - Duration: 1:01:26. 9 35 Academia.edu is a platform for academics to share research papers. Le terme « réalisme » est d’abord utilisé en 1850 pour caractériser la peinture de Gustave Courbet puis deviendra le nom … 0000007694 00000 n ���r �>Q��]kZ��K�6طG���Q�qW��,tOY3�R���t�-G�|V��0������������o���C�fF��O�u�s����(s��r�n� 13 0 obj 0000001487 00000 n ‘Realism and World Politicsis a critical but appreciative analysis of Waltz’s thinking from Man, the State, and Warthrough Theory of International Politics and beyond. They are fictional tales probable enough that they could actually happen, with a bit of whimsy—like the appearance of an angel in Marquez's story, perhaps, or a woman's ability to infuse her cooking with her emotions, like in the 1992 novel Like Water for Chocolate by Laura Esquivel. Realism (REEL-iz-um), or literary realism, is an era of literary technique in which authors described things as they are without embellishment or fantastical plots. From the wide field of romantic realism there are three most important names of novels which are: The Divine Fire (19040 by May Sinclair, Joanna Godden (1921) by Sheila kye Smith and The Good Companions (1929) by J.B.Pristley. No thinker since 1979 has so captured the imagination and critical thinking of the fi eld of IR as Waltz. ���z��h�1^�zW_�N�� 0000007824 00000 n It’s not … The world that director Elia Kazan, screenwriter Budd Schulberg and actors Marlon Brando and Karl Malden create in the film On The Waterfront epitomizes the movement known as social realism, at Realism emphasizes the constraints on politics imposed by human na ture and the absence of international government. Realism and new realism need to be reconsidered in terms of new representatives of the literature in America. Magical realism, as the name would imply, is a story that is set in a mostly realistic setting, but with some magical elements. Realism emphasizes on scientific subjects and neglects art and literature. Nominalism believes that ideas are only names and have no practical application. Vaste sujet qu’est le 19ème siècle ! “Realism” is also the name of a literary school or movement that was of consider-able prominence in the nineteenth and early twentieth century (as well as in the mid-twentieth century,in its “socialist”variant).Political realists may or may not be phil-osophical or literary realists. 4 0 obj Buy eBook. Lorenzaccio de Musset Acte II Scène 4. startxref American Literature Realism and Naturalism (1850-1914 [1900]) “ True religion is real living; living with all one's soul, w -Albert Einstein “Character is like a tree and reputation like a shadow -Abraham Lincoln 2. For a much more extensive description than appears on this brief page, see the works listed in the realism bibliography and the bibliographies on William Dean Howells. endobj They are: Romanticism (1798-1837) Victorian Age (1837-1901) Edwardian Age (1901-1910) x�S�N�0��+���TׯqAH��7��T-�I)�A�'K�ݔ�C%��:�]���:+�� 21 0 obj Realism - Realism - The novel: In literature, the novelist Honoré de Balzac was the chief precursor of realism, given his attempt to create a detailed, encyclopaedic portrait of the whole range of French society in his La Comédie humaine. Idealism is the approach to literature of writing about everything in its ideal from. Begriff Realismus ist abgeleitet von lat. [ /ICCBased 10 0 R ] <<1a8deaa96ee61a42b4d072945f03cbc9>]>> ��*���ȓ�Un�"f����ar��/�q�1�.�u��]�X����c���+�T��?׵��K�_��Ia����|xQ���}t��G__���{�p�M�ju1{���%��#8�ug����V���c葨�Si�a��J}��_�qV��˳Z��#�d�����?������:73��KWkn��Aڮ�YQ�2�;^��)m��”��v��J���&�fzg����ڐ����ty�?�:/��]�Rb���G�DD#N-bթJ;�P�2�ĽF6l�y9��DŽ���-�Q�;ǯp�ɱX?S��b��0g��7؛�K�:� Repression and Realism in Post-War American Literature. Nor even the kind of questions put to theory by our editors. (eBook pdf) - bei eBook.de However, certain traits are singled out as being typical of the genre. Le réalisme est un mouvement artistique et littéraire apparu en France vers 1850.Né du besoin de réagir contre le sentimentalisme romantique, il est caractérisé par une attitude de l’artiste face au réel, qui vise à représenter le plus fidèlement possible la réalité, avec des sujets et des personnages choisis dans les classes moyennes ou populaires. PDF | This is an introductory guide to some of the key features of literary Realism, Modernism and Postmodernism. Der Realismus als Epoche der Literatur wird im Zeitraum zwischen 1848 und 1890 angesiedelt. 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