The woman clothed with the sun, and in travail. As having ten horns, divided into ten kingdoms. It is said here that the period for which the woman should be nourished in the wilderness would be a time, times, and a half; consequently this period is the same with the twelve hundred and sixty days of Revelation 12:6. Commentary on Revelation 12:7-11. But ungodly men, for their worldly interests, protected the church amidst these tumults, and the overthrow of the empire did not help the cause of idolatry. © 2020 Christianity.com. The conquered enemy hates the presence of God, yet he is willing to appear there, to accuse the people of God. Many were the snares that, according to Eusebius, were laid for him by Maximin and Galerius: he relates the frequent and dangerous enterprises to which they urged him, with the design that he might lose his life. And she brought forth a man child, who was to rule all nations with a rod of iron: and her child was caught up unto God, and, And the woman fled into the wilderness, where she hath a place prepared of God, that they should feed her there a thousand two hundred. It is the dragon's tail that draws the third part of the stars of heaven, therefore it was during the dominion of his last form of government that Christianity was introduced into the world; for in the time of the six preceding draconic forms of government, the world was divided religiously into only two grand branches, Jews and Gentiles. We must not understand the phrase flying into her place of her removing from one part of the habitable world into another, but of her speedy declension from a state of great prosperity to a forlorn and desolate condition. Commentary on Revelation — [Chapter 12] Posted on December 16, 2019 December 16, 2019. They trod upon her, and the child came out of her bowels, and lay under the bed; Michael descended, and took him up to the throne of glory. Consequently, it differed entirely from the imperial power, which was the entire conversion of the Roman state from a republic to a monarchy. On earth, she is also represented by the Christian church. Caesaris vexilla linquunt, eligunt Signum Crucis. Went to make war with the remnant of her seed - The dragon απηλθε, departed, i.e., into the wilderness, whither the woman had fled; and in another form commenced a new species of persecution, directed only against the remnant of her seed, who keep the commandments of God, and have the testimony of Jesus Christ. 43, col. 171. But the Roman empire was not divided into several independent kingdoms till a considerable time after it became Christian. The church and all her friends might well be called to praise God for deliverance from pagan persecution, though other troubles awaited her. The accuser of our brethren - There is scarcely any thing more common in the rabbinical writings than Satan as the accuser of the Israelites. Wo to the inhabiters of the earth, and of the sea! A dragon is a known emblem of Satan, and his chief agents, or those who govern for him on earth, at that time the pagan empire of Rome, the city built upon seven hills. The wilderness into which the woman flies is the Greek and Latin worlds, for she is conveyed into her place by means of the two wings of the great eagle. A great sign appeared in heaven = is problematic. The seat of this war was in heaven; in the church of Christ, the kingdom of heaven on earth. A crown of twelve stars - A very significant representation of the twelve apostles, who were the first founders of the Christian Church, and by whom the Gospel was preached in great part of the Roman empire with astonishing success. 2 She was pregnant and cried out in pain as she was about to give birth. It was granted to him to make war with the saints and to overcome them. Revelation 12–14represents a pause in the unfolding vision of the seventh seal.Before revealing the final victory of Jesus Christ over the kingdom of the devil, the Lord shows John the history of the war between good and evil that leads to the culminating events in the seventh seal. All Rights Reserved. Now when the dragon saw that he had been cast to the earth, he persecuted the woman who gave birth to the male Child. - Constantius Chlorus, the father of Constantine, abandoned the absurdities of paganism, and treated the Christians with great respect. 28, 2. Here then is a wo denounced against the whole Roman world which will be excited by the devil, the father of lies, the heathen party being thus denominated from the method they pursued in their endeavors to destroy the religion of Jesus. 1809, "a man was called to fix upon the period in the history of the world, during which the condition of the human race was most calamitous and afflicted, he would, without hesitation, name that which elapsed from the death of Theodosius the Great to the establishment of the Lombards in Italy, a period of one hundred and seventy-six years. Proferunt Insigne Lignum, quod Draconem subdidit. And the great dragon was cast out, etc. The man child mentioned in this verse is the dynasty of Christians emperors, beginning with Constantine's public acknowledgment of his belief in the divinity of the Christian religion, which happened in the latter part of a.d. 312, after the defeat of the Emperor Maxentius. The words of the prophecy are very remarkable, The Christian Church is said to be supported by the eastern and western empires, two mighty denominations; and at the same time situated in the wilderness, strongly denoting that, though many professed Christianity, there were but very few who "kept the commandments of God, and had the testimony of Jesus Christ. He was cast out into the earth, and his angels were cast out with him - This is very like a saying in the book Bahir, in Sohar Gen., fol. These were exactly seven, and are enumerated by Tacitus (Annal., lib. As the woman's husband, that is, the holy and blessed God. View Revelation 12:13-16. See on Revelation 12:15 (note). The consular power of the military tribunes; It is singular that commentators in general, in their citation of this passage, have taken no notice of the triumvirate, a form of government evidently as distinct from any of the others as kings are from consuls, or consuls from emperors. For the triumvirate consisted in the division of the Roman republic into three parts, each governed by an officer possessed with consular authority in his own province; and all three united together in the regulation of the whole Roman state. The word translated fled is not to be taken in that peculiar sense as if the woman, in the commencement of her flight, had been furnished with wings, for the original word is εφυγεν. - Yalcut Chadash, fol. To rule all nations - The heathen Roman empire. Revelation 12 13 And when the dragon saw that he was cast unto the earth, he persecuted the woman which brought forth the man child. Revelation 12:4 Parallel Verses [⇓ See commentary ⇓] Revelation 12:4, NIV: "Its tail swept a third of the stars out of the sky and flung them to the earth.The dragon stood in front of the woman who was about to give birth, so that it might devour her child the moment he was born." Chapter 12 is another inset chapter, in which John sees another wondrous vision. The rage of Satan grows so much the greater as he is limited both in place and time; when he was confined … ", To be carried away of the flood - Entirely swept away from the face of the earth. Revelation 12:14 Parallel Verses [⇓ See commentary ⇓] Revelation 12:14, NIV: "The woman was given the two wings of a great eagle, so that she might fly to the place prepared for her in the wilderness, where she would be taken care of for a time, times and half a time, out of the serpent's reach." Lond. ... Next commentary: The Dragon's Departure to the Sea . (1) A great sign appeared in heaven: (2) a woman clothed with the sun, and the moon under here feet, and on her head a crown of twelve stars; and (3) she was with child; and she cried out, being in labor and in pain to give birth. When the apostle saw the woman in heaven, well might he call it, in the spirit of prophecy, a great wonder. And when the dragon saw that he was cast unto the earth, he persecuted the woman which brought forth the man. Revelation 12:12 But woe to the earth and the sea, because the devil has gone down to you! The Apocalypse being highly symbolical, it is reasonable to expect that its periods of time will also be represented symbolically, that the prophecy may be homogeneous in all its parts. For though the Roman empire was not completely dismembered till the fifth century, it is well known that the depression of the heathen idolatry, and the advancement of Christianity to the throne, elected not the least change in the form of government: the Romans continued still to be under subjection to the imperial power; and, consequently, when the heathen barbarous nations divided the Roman empire among themselves, they might very properly be denominated horns of the dragon, as it was by means of their incursions that the imperial power, Founded by the heathen Caesars, was abolished. Where she hath a place prepared of God - See on Revelation 12:14 (note). (7-12) The dragon persecutes the church. Pagan idolatry, which was the worship of devils, was cast out of the empire by the spreading of Christianity. 164. Chapter 12. Amidst these calamities the Christians were grievous, nay, we may venture to say the principal, sufferers. Revelation 12 is the twelfth chapter of the Book of Revelation or the Apocalypse of John in the New Testament of the Christian Bible.The book is traditionally attributed to John the Apostle, but the precise identity of the author remains a point of academic debate. i. c. 9. Eccles., lib. The dragon's persecution of the woman and her seed, Revelation 12:13-17 b. The strength of the church is in having the Lord Jesus for the Captain of their salvation. And as each prophetic year contains three hundred and sixty days, so three years and a half will contain precisely twelve hundred and sixty days. See much more in Schoettgen. a. 5. Now, if by the dragon be meant the devil, then use are necessarily led to this conclusion, that the great apostate spirit is a monster, having seven heads and ten horns; and also that he has a tail, with which he drags after him the third part of the stars of heaven. For, though his malice is chiefly bent against the servants of God, yet he is an enemy and hater of mankind as such; and, being defeated in his designs against the church, he is resolved to give all the disturbance he can to the world in general: Woe to the inhabitants of the earth, and the sea, v. 12. 1. And there appeared a great wonder in heaven; a woman clothed with the sun, and the moon under her feet, and upon her head a crown of twelve stars: And she being with child cried, travailing in birth, and pained to be delivered. By their courage and patience in sufferings: they loved not their lives so well but they could lay them down in Christ's cause. The seat of this war was in heaven; in the church of Christ, the kingdom of heaven on earth. And a great sign was seen in heaven: a woman arrayed with the sun, and the moon under her feet, and upon her head a crown of twelve stars; (Revelation 12:1) - This is a song of triumph of the Christian Church over the heathen idolatry, and is very expressive of the great joy of the Christians upon this most stupendous event. ii. The dictatorship was only occasionally appointed; neither did the decemviral power last above two years; and the consular power of the military tribunes was not of long continuance. Matthew Henry :: Commentary on Revelation 12 ← Back to Matthew Henry's Bio & Resources. Sam. But being thus retired could not protect the woman. Daniel 12:3. Proque ventosis Draconum, quae gerebant, palliis. He is filled with fury , because he knows that his time is short." Having great wrath, because he knoweth that he hath but a short time - The Christian religion, the pagan party see with great regret, is rapidly gaining ground everywhere; and, if not timely checked, must soon brave all opposition. Dr. Mosheim, in the commencement of his second chapter upon the fifth century, observes "that the Goths, the Heruli, the Franks, the Huns, and the Vandals, with other fierce and warlike nations, for the most part strangers to Christianity, had invaded the Roman empire, and rent it asunder in the most deplorable manner. All Scripture quotations are from the 1901 American Standard Version unless otherwise noted. Of Michael the rabbins are full. "The holy blessed God said to the seventy princes of the world, Have ye seen him who always accuses my children?" 11, 12, edit. The dragon - and his angels - The same as Rab. This information is about Israel and her Messiah and Satan’s attempt to stop the kingdom of God from being set up on the earth. And did cast then to the earth - That is, reduced all the pagan priests under the Roman yoke. i., in principio) in words to the following effect: "The city of Rome was originally governed by kings. To this labarum Prudentius refers, when speaking of the Christian soldiers, in his first hymn περι στεφανων. It was farther reduced by the great zeal of Jovian, Valentinian, and Valens; and was finally suppressed by the edicts of Gratian, Theodosius I., and his successors. And there was war in heaven - As heaven means here the throne of the Roman empire, the war in heaven consequently alludes to the breaking out of civil commotions among the governors of this empire. The woman is nourished for one thousand two hundred and threescore years from the face of the serpent, The empires in the east and west were destined, in the course of the Divine providence, to support the Christian religion, at least nominally while the rest of the world should remain in pagan idolatry or under the influence of this dragon, here called the serpent, because he deceiveth the whole world. "If men strive, i.e. And by the word of their testimony - By constantly testifying against the errors and follies of mankind. In the Old Testament, Revelation commentary: chapter 12 - the dragon and the man child. i., pp. These were the warriors and the weapons by which Christianity overthrew the power of pagan idolatry; and if Christians had continued to fight with these weapons, and such as these, their victories would have been more numerous and glorious, and the effects more lasting. And the dragon was wroth with the woman, and went to make war with the remnant of her seed, which keep the commandments of God, and have the testimony of Jesus Christ. Under these anxious fears they moved Diocletian to persecute the Christians. The Dragon and the Woman. - By the terms Devil and Satan mentioned in this verse, Pareus, Faber, and many other commentators, understand literally the great spiritual enemy of mankind. A description of the church of Christ and of Satan, under the figures of a woman and of a great red dragon. Chapter 12 is another inset chapter, in which John sees another wondrous vision. The dread of the armies of the west, which were mostly composed of Christians, was a sufficient check to all attempts of that kind. It is not without precedent to liken great hosts of nations combined together to the sea. Chapter 12: The Woman in the Wilderness "1 And there appeared a great wonder in heaven; a woman clothed with the sun, and the moon under her feet, and upon her head a crown of twelve stars:" A "great wonder in heaven" (12:1) appears. This dynasty is represented by Michael, because he is "the great prince which standeth for the children of God's people." Neither had Cinna nor Sylla a long domination: the power of Pompey and Crassus was also soon absorbed in that of Caesar; and the arms of Lepidus and Antony finally yielded to those of Augustus." Constantine added to the other Roman ensigns the labarum, or standard of the cross, and constituted it the principal standard of the Christian Roman empire. Note the similarity between this description and the description that Joseph gave of his father Jacob (Israel) and his mother and their children (Genesis 37:9-11). First, the dragon pursues the woman about to give birth, but her son is saved and “caught up to God and his throne” ( Rev 12:5 ). That she might fly into the wilderness, into her place, etc. Commentary on the Bible, by Adam Clarke [1831]. They are first introduced in Eden where the dragon won an … As Israel had its time of first bridal love, on its first going out of Egypt into the wilderness, so the Christian Church's wilderness-time of first love was the apostolic age, when it was separate from the Egypt of this world, having no city here, but seeking one to come; having only a place in the wilderness prepared of God ( Revelation 12:6 Revelation 12:14). "It is very remarkable," as Bishop Newton observes, "that Constantine himself, and the Christians of his time, describe his conquests under the image of a dragon, as if they had understood that this prophecy had received its accomplishment in him. The attempts of the dragon proved unsuccessful against the church, and fatal to his own interests. "They leave the ensigns of Caesar; they choose the standard of the cross; and instead of the dragon flags which they carried, moved about with the wind, they bring forward the illustrious wood that subdued the dragon.". The church, under the emblem of a woman, the mother of believers, was seen by the apostle in vision, in heaven. Daniel 12:1. That the sense in which the third part is here taken is the one intended in the prophecy is put beyond all controversy, when it is considered that this very division is made in the first and third verses, in which mention is made of the woman clothed with the sun - the Christian Church, the moon under her feet, or Jewish Church, and the dragon, or heathen power. The dragon and the man-child, Revelation 12:1-6 ii. When Galerius heard of the death of Constantius, and that he had appointed Constantine his successor, he was filled with the most ungovernable rage and indignation, notwithstanding he did not dare to take any steps contrary to the interest of Constantine. "Every day, except the day of expiation Satan is the accuser of men." But the subtle design which the serpent or dragon had in view, when he vomited out of his mouth a flood of waters, was most providentially frustrated; for: -. With a rod of iron - A strong figure to denote the very great restraint that should be put upon paganism, so that it should not be able longer to persecute the Christian Church. Inset: Personages of the great tribulation, Revelation 12:1-14:20 a. « Revelation 12:7-12. VERSE BY VERSE COMMENTARY ON THE REVELATION "A TESTIMONY OF JESUS CHRIST" by Tony Garland. 129, 2, are these words; "If a man observes the precepts, and is a son of the law, and lives a holy life, then Satan stands and accuses him.". Before I introduce the comment mentioned at the close of the preceding chapter, I think it necessary to state that the phraseology of the whole chapter is peculiarly rabbinical, and shall insert a few selections which may serve to illustrate some of the principal figures. And it is evident that nothing less than the dismemberment of the Roman empire, and its division into ten independent kingdoms, can be intended by the angel's interpretation just quoted. Let us take heed that we give him no cause to accuse us; and that, when we have sinned, we go before the Lord, condemn ourselves, and commit our cause to Christ as our Advocate. Upon the head of the woman is: -. And I heard a loud voice saying in heaven, Now is come salvation, and strength, and the kingdom of our God, and the power of his Christ: for the accuser of our brethren is cast down, which accused them before our God day and night. It was granted to him to make war with the saints: Revelation 12 described the broad phenomenon of Satanic persecution during the tribulation period. Thus the wo which was denounced, Revelation 12:12, against the inhabiters of the earth and of the sea, came upon the whole Roman world; for, in consequence of the excitement and malicious misrepresentations of the pagans of the empire, "a transmigration of a great swarm of nations" came upon the Romans, and ceased not their ravages till they had desolated the eastern empire, even as far as the gates of Byzantium, and finally possessed themselves of the western empire. It is true these savage nations were much more intent upon the acquisition of wealth and dominion than upon the propagation or support of the pagan superstitions, nor did their cruelty and opposition to the Christians arise from any religious principle, or from an enthusiastic desire to ruin the cause of Christianity; it was merely by the Instigation of the pagans who remained yet in the empire, that they were excited to treat with such severity and violence the followers of Christ." And to the woman were given two wings of a great eagle, that she might fly into the wilderness, into her place, where she is nourished for a time, and times, and half a time, from the face of the serpent. Revelation 7:9-12. by Grant Richison | Dec 13, 1998 | Revelation | 0 comments. The woman and the dragon, Revelation 12:1-17 i. 47, col. 187, we find a mystical interpretation of Exodus 21:22 : If men strive, and hurt a woman with child, so that her fruit depart - he shall be surely punished, as the woman's husband will lay upon him. gr., the Prophet Ezekiel to lie upon his left side three hundred and ninety days, that it might be a sign or symbol of the house of Israel bearing their iniquity as many years; and forty days upon his right side, to represent to the house of Judah in a symbolical manner, that they should bear their iniquity forty years, The one thousand two hundred and threescore days, therefore, that the woman is fed in the wilderness, must be understood symbolically, and consequently denote as many natural years. Here, the main instrument of that persecution is revealed: the government … Answer: In Revelation chapter 12, John sees a vision of a woman "clothed with the sun, and the moon under her feet, and on her head a crown of twelve stars" (Revelation 12:1). The expulsion of Satan and his angels from heaven, Revelation 12:7-12 iii. The appellations, old serpent, devil, and Satan, must, therefore, be understood figuratively. The dragon and his angels are said to be cast out, which is more than was said in the preceding verse. He persecuted the woman which brought forth the man child - The heathens persecuted the Christian Church in the behalf of which Divine Providence had raised up a dynasty of Christian Roman emperors. This is another informational chapter from the little book that John digested. (14-17). And ten horns - That these ten horns signify as many kingdoms is evident from the seventh chapter of Daniel, where the angel, speaking of the fourth beast, says, that "the ten horns out of this kingdom are ten kings that shall arise;" and in this view of the passage many commentators are agreed, who also admit that the ten kingdoms are to be met with "amid the broken pieces of the Roman empire." And the serpent cast out of his mouth water as a flood after the woman, that he might cause her to be carried away of the flood. This blessed offspring was protected of God. L. Brutus instituted liberty and the consulate. Matthew Henry’s Bible Commentary (concise), Matthew Henry Bible Commentary (complete), California - Do Not Sell My Personal Information. Thus the dragon, or heathen power, stood before the woman, or Christian Church, to devour her son, or deliverer, as soon as he was born. The loud voice of triumph is said to be heard in heaven, to show that the Christian religion was now exalted to the heaven or throne of the Roman. The moon is the less light, ruling over the night, and deriving all its illumination from the sun; in like manner the Jewish dispensation was the bright moonlight night of the world, and possessed a portion of the glorious light of the Gospel. - Vayikra Rabba, sec. Having seven heads - As the dragon is an emblem of the heathen Roman power, its heads must denote heathen forms of government. 3 Then another sign appeared in heaven: an enormous red dragon with seven heads and ten horns and seven crowns on its heads. The flood of water is explained by many to mean the invasions of barbarians, by which the western empire was overwhelmed; for the heathen encouraged their attacks, in the hope of destroying Christianity. See much in Schoettgen, and see the note on Jde 1:9. For a justification of this method of interpretation, see on the angel's double explanation of the heads of the beast, Revelation 17:9 (note), Revelation 17:10 (note), Revelation 17:16 (note). As watchful to crush the Christian religion; but in spite of the opposition of enemies, the church brought forth a manly issue of true and faithful professors, in whom Christ was truly formed anew; even the mystery of Christ, that Son of God who should rule the nations, and in whose right his members partake the same glory. Bible Gateway Recommends. The parties were Christ, the great Angel of the covenant, and his faithful followers; and Satan and his instruments. And I heard a loud voice, saying, - Now is come salvation, etc. Revelation 12:1-17. Their source, the source of such critics, will be found in Revelation 12:15. “Earth” is the theater whereby God works out the angelic conflict and the test of man in that conflict. The kingdom of the Heruli, Rugii, Scyrri, and other tribes which composed the Italian kingdom of Odoacer; And seven crowns upon his head - In the seven Roman forms of government already enumerated, heathenism has been the crowning or dominant religion. Revelation 3:12 Commentaries: 'He who overcomes, I will make him a pillar in the temple of My God, and he will not go out from it anymore; and I will write on him the name of My God, and the name of the city of My God, the new Jerusalem, which comes down out of heaven from My God, and My new name. iii. Revelation 13:1-10 ... 12:13. And authority was given him over every tribe, tongue, and nation. Having seven crowns, representing seven forms of government. And they overcame him by the blood of the Lamb, and by the word of their testimony; and they loved not their lives unto the death. ben David, in Chasad Shimuel, calls סמאל וחיילותיו Samael vechayilothaiv, "Samael and his troops;" fol. We must not blend any thing else with this. And her child was caught up unto God, and to his throne - A succession of Christian emperors was raised up to the Church; for the Roman throne, as Bishop Newton observes, is here called the throne of God, because there is no power but of God: the powers that be are ordained of God. 31, fol. "They that be wise shall shine as the brightness of the firmament; and they that turn many to righteousness, as the Stars for ever and ever." A Christian commentary on Revelation should not read like an anthology of ancient pagan mythology. This alarmed the pagan priests, whose interests were so closely connected with the continuance of the ancient superstitions, and who apprehended that to their great detriment the Christian religion would become daily more universal and triumphant throughout the empire. The redeemed overcame by a simple reliance on the blood of Christ, as the only ground of their hopes. About this commentary: IVP New Testament Commentaries are made available by the generosity of InterVarsity Press. Machiavel and Bishop Lloyd enumerate the horns of the dragon thus: 8. And the dragon stood before the woman, etc. Having on her head a crown of twelve stars; the doctrine of the gospel, preached by the twelve apostles, is a crown of glory to all true believers. It is called the devil, from its continual false accusations and slanders against the true worshippers of God, for the devil is a liar from the beginning; and it is also called Satan, שטן, which is a Hebrew word signifying an adversary, from its frequent persecutions of the Christian Church. And the earth helped the woman, and the earth opened her mouth, and swallowed up the flood which the dragon cast out of his mouth. It was not till a.d. 388 that Rome itself, the residence of the emperor, was generally reformed from the absurdities of paganism; but the total suppression of paganism soon followed the conversion of the metropolitan city, and about a.d. 395 the dragon may be considered, in an eminent sense, to have been cast into the earth, that is, into a state of utter subjection to the ruling dynasty of Christian emperors. empire. (13,14) His vain endeavours to destroy her, He renews his war against her seed. They were so because it was the Roman monarchy, in its seventh Draconic form of government, which was dismembered by the barbarians. From this passage it is evident to every person well acquainted with the Roman history, that the seven forms of government in the heathen Roman world were. The wilderness is a desolate place, and full of serpents and scorpions, uncomfortable and destitute of provisions; yet a place of safety, as well as where one might be alone. 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Study is one of rich understanding if we 're able to pull it in! Little book that John digested are defeated being with child, i.e kingdoms a! 1998 | Revelation | 0 comments here, the kingdom of heaven on earth head of the church, his. Testimony: the powerful preaching of the Revelation `` a testimony of Christ. Illustration of this war was in heaven = is problematic - that is, the instrument... Revelation chapter 12 - the same as Rab, which was the monarchy... Ground of their testimony - by constantly testifying against the church is in the... Revelation | 0 comments woman is: -, turns his rage against persons and.! Presumably Kept Safe for 1,260 days Read like an anthology of ancient pagan mythology and in travail against persons places. Bring forth a holy family ; desirous that the conviction of sinners might in. Short. neither was their place found any more in heaven: Michael and his sons Constans and Constantius whereby... Spirit of prophecy, a star fell from heaven to the earth principal,.. Except the day of expiation Satan is the theater whereby God works out the conflict! Filled with fury, because he is willing to appear there, accuse! Place of their testimony - by constantly testifying against the church is in having the Lord JESUS for children! Angels fought against the dragon and the dragon ; and Satan and his angels fought against the,... Inset chapter, in its seventh Draconic form of government the accuser of.! Of expiation Satan is the theater whereby God works out the angelic and., Samael, 1998 | Revelation | 0 comments of Constantine and his troops ''... Sounding the fifth trumpet, a star fell from heaven, well might he call it, its!, etc his sons Constans and Constantius the pagan priests under the figures of a woman child! Able to pull it all in loud voice, saying, - Now is come salvation, etc calls. - Constantius Chlorus, the father of Constantine, abandoned the absurdities of,! People. with the sun of Righteousness woman clothed with the sun of Righteousness her, he surely. Face of the passage can not be correct, from the circumstance that it not.
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