Sadly, a lot of con artists have moved into the health food industry. Cymbopogon citratus, commonly known as West Indian lemon grass or simply lemon grass, is a tropical plant native to Maritime Southeast Asia and introduced to many tropical regions. To really mess with your minds, these plants are so closely related they can interbreed. Encourages Normal Cardiovascular Health. If you are lacking fresh lemongrass stalks, you can always … The common name is widely used everywhere. Melt this is a pan and let cool. The species name citratus obviously relates to the pro­minent lemon fra­grance of that plant. Lemon grass, or Cymbopogon citratus is mentioned in “Indian Plants and Drugs” written in 1908. The only thing natural about these synthesised oils is the paper label on the bottle. Externally a paste of the roots is rubbed on the skin to remove oppressive heat from the body. Though native to India, the dried plants and the distilled oils were brought west by the spice merchants long before the birth of Christ. Citronella is the steam-extracted oil from one of the sweet canes used by ancient cultures. The author gives us a pretty specific description on how to use the plant. Volatile oils medicinal action is based on the chemicals that make them up. Mix one-cup olive oil with one-cup beeswax and one cup lanolin. Pregnant women should always consult first with a health care professional before taking any treatment. Scientific Name: Cymbopogon citratus Common Names: Silky heads, fever grass, barbed wire grass, tanglad, hierba Luisa, citronella grass or gavati chaha Family: Poaceae Part Used: Grass Habitat: Lemongrass is native to tropical Asia and India Aromatic grasses, and the oils they produced, were common articles in the Holy Land and in other ancient civilisations. The difference between the different grasses is down to their scents, which depends on the complex mixtures of the oils produced by the plants. When Pharaoh’s tombs dating to the twentieth and twenty-first dynasties were opened, the distinctive lemony smell of Andropogon Schoenanthus was smelled. You will be relieved to learn that the plants were used interchangeably by the Indian physicians. The fruit, juice, and peel are used to make medicine. It is classified as Cymbopogon citratus. The second family, Andropogon, has several scented members, A.aromaticus, A.schoenanthus, and A.muricatus. Scientific classification: Lemon grass belongs to the genus Cymbopogon of the family Poaceae. Cymbopogon citratus was discovered in Gennesaret in an archaeological dig. … Once cool add 10 ml citronella or lemon grass oil. Generally speaking the plants were used to treat infections, pain, indigestion, restlessness, respiratory complaints and to reduce body temperature. Still it is beneficial to know the common name of all garden plants. Overview: Lemongrass is a tall, coarse grass with a strong lemon taste used for cooking, medicinal teas, and potpourri. The Hebrew word keneh means sweet canes, and all of these plants were considered sweet canes in the ancient days. When it comes to insect repelling, all of the sweet cane oils can be used to keep bugs away. The so called East Indian lemon grass (Cymbopogon flexuosus), also known as Malabar or Cochin grass is native to India, Sri Lanka, Burma and Thailand ; for the related West Indian lemon grass (C. citratus), a Malesian origin is generally assumed. Freshly cut and partially dried leaves are used medicinally and are the source of the essent… Find more similar words at wordhippo.com! It is one of the most popular culinary herbs featured in most Asian cuisines. Pay attention to these details, as they are critically important. If you have to purchase from the herb stores, choose fresh lemongrass leaves and stems featuring fresh and lemon-like flavorwith a hint of rose fragrance. (4) Scientific basis for the therapeutic use of Cymbopogon citratus, stapf (Lemon grass) / Gagan Shah, Richa Shri, Vivek Panchal, Narender Sharma, Bharpur Singh, AS Mann / Journal of Advanced Pharmaceutical Technology & Research, 2011, Volume 2, No 1, Pp 3-8. In reality, the Israelites probably knew all of them. We can hardly separate the sweet canes today, there is no hope of knowing exactly which sweet cane the Israelites used. QUICK REVIEW History: Ancient Indian remedy for many health complaints, including bugs!! Ornamental lemongrass (Cymbopogon citratus), oil grass, or West Indian lemongrass is a tropical perennial grass that grows to produce blue-green leaves and flavorful stalks. If you want to know what a plant is called in Hindi, Greek, Portuguese or Polish, you are at the right place. Both the species are today cultivated throughout tropical Asia. As the aromatic grasses are native to India, it pays to look at what the Indians had to say about them. Etymology. Citronellol has been found to be bactericidal, candidacidal, fungicidal, and sedative. Mixed with equal parts of pure coconut oil it makes an excellent liniment for lumbago, chronic rheumatism, neuralgia, sprains, and other painful affections; it is also a good application for ringworm.”. There are in fact two grass families that produce fragrant oils on their leaves and stems. Like the others, it found its way into treating feverish conditions and as a topical application for rheumatism. The next scam out there is some companies sell products marked “real essential oil” that in fact have only a touch of the real stuff in the bottle. Certain species are also known as grass gums because of the red or yellow gumlike resins that exude from the base of old leaves. Common name of garden plants in different languages is different. Probably East India and Indonesia. Lemon grass, or Cymbopogon citratus is mentioned in “Indian Plants and Drugs” written in 1908. Season for Lemongrass Planting:- This crop may be grown throughout the year provided there is sufficient irrigation and sunshine.Planting and Spacing in Lemongrass Cultivation:- Seedlings of lemongrass should be planted at a distance of 40×40 cm, 40×30 cm, and 40×60 cm apart depending upon soil fertility and inter-culture methods being used. Lemongrass. These plants have been proven to kill bacteria and it is believed that they reduce fevers by killing the source of the problem, microbes having taken up shop in the body. Constituents Let the herb steep for twenty minutes. The common name of this plant in Spanish is Cymbopogon. We also find mention of its use on painful joints. The ancients were familiar with this attribute. Citronella’s oil is made up of citronellol, geraniol, and citronellol. Image of homemade, scientific, health - 119898588 Lemon Grass Or Lemon Grass, Lapine And Scientific Name Cymbopogon Citratus Stapf Stock Photo - Image of homemade, scientific: 119898588 It seems that lemon grass oil applied to the joints will relieve the pain felt in arthritic joint conditions. Here are common names of Lemongrass. The leaves are blue-green in color, turning red in the Fall and emit a strong lemon fragrance when damaged. Scientific Name: Cymbopogon. 3.2 Botanical Description Lemon grass makes a delightful beverage and it is useful in feverish conditions and in stomach cramps. Lemon grass (Cymbopogon citratus), a native herb from temperate and warm regions such as India, Philippines and Malaysia, is widely used in Asian cooking and is an ingredient in many Thai and Vietnamese foods. This of course applies to mosquitoes, but some believe they also repel the ticks causing all kinds of health problems in the modern age. You can make an oil that smells like lemongrass oil, but it won’t have lemon grass oils medicinal action. Just apply it when pain strikes. If you live in an area with a Vietnamese community, you will be able to buy fresh lemon grass and give all of these uses a try. Andropogon schoenanthus or ginger grass is distilled and the oil produced, rusa oil or nimar oil, is used in perfume making and medicine. It was used as a cooling drug in fevers and infectious illness for a very long time. Salay, also called lemon grass is a fragrant tropical grass that is widely used in Asian cuisine. Rank Scientific Name and Common Name; Kingdom: Plantae ... lemon grass Cymbopogon distans . Essential oil is expensive, but you only need a few drops, it goes a long way. There are many companies selling little bottles of chemically created, fake plant oils. C. citratus is known as Guatemala, West Indian, or Madagascar lemongrass. (10) Scientific name is the name conforming to the International Code of Nomenclature for algae, fungi, and plants (ICN). As I said, kaneh was probably a generic term for sweet smelling grasses of which lemon grass was one. There is a lemon scent called citral on the leaves. At this point the plants have not been proven to have specific body temperature lowering chemicals, though that discovery may be in the pipeline. Common Name of Lemongrass in other languages is an interesting information one should know. Cymbopogon is a genus of about 55 species, indigenous in tropical and semi-tropical areas of Asia and cultivated in South and Central America. Both the oil and the dried plants were used in medicine, food flavouring, perfume, incense and last but not least, cosmetics. More than once I have told someone to use lemon grass oil on a joint and have discovered later that it didn’t work. The most notable effect of these oils is they repel insects, hence their use at your barbecues. Lemongrass stalks are commonly used in the cuisines of Africa, the Middle East, and Southeast Asia. Lemon grass oil has been found to be anti-microbial, particular against gram positive bacteria and fungi. Synonyms: West Indian lemon grass Scientific Name: Cymbopogon citratus L. Family: Poaceae (grass family) Habitat. Also known as barbed wire grass and silky heads, lemongrass is a perennial that looks similar to a grass-like plant due to its long and slender foliage. Lemongrass is native to Sri Lanka and South India and is now widely cultivated in the tropical areas of America and Asia. Its essence is used to check the vomiting of cholera, and is used in perfumery.”. If you do not have access to fresh lemon grass, you can experiment with either lemon grass oil or citronella oil. Our next sweet cane, Andropogon muriaticus, is a plant we find listed in the Sanskrit Materia Medica. Stir in completely and store in a sealed container. A lot of tropical medicine was dedicated to dealing with fevers. Photo about Lemon grass Cymbopogon citratus Stapf at the market for sale. “Externally it is rubefacient. The distillation of lemon grass oil is an ancient practice its oil is used for all the disorders the grass is used for, painful digestive complaints being the most prominent amongst them. One pint should be drunk each day. It is made into cooling drinks for those that are sick and those that are merely hot. Common name of Lemongrass is the name which changes with change in the regions. Lemongrass genus and other classification is necessary information to know for every botanist. This plant is called शतवेधी in Hindi, lemongrass in Greek, Cymbopogon in Portuguese and Palczatka in Polish. When you purchase either oil, you need to make certain the package is marked with “pure essential oil” of Cymbopogon citratus or Andropogon nardus. Remember, hot countries had malaria and other feverish conditions aplenty. Lemongrass Quick Facts; Scientific Names: There are over fifty different species of lemongrass including Cymbopogon citratus (ornamental lemongrass), Cymbopogon nardus (Citronella), Cymbopogon flexuosus (Cochin or Malabar grass), and others. It has also been found to be pain killing, central nervous system depressing, fever reducing, and anti-oxidant. The best part of these insect-repelling oils is they do not carry the same risks associated with some of the agent orange-like chemical bug killers currently on the market. Most produce markets catering to this community will have it in the green section, as it is a favourite Vietnamese flavouring agent. Egypt was fertile because it had good soil and lots of water. The ancients burned citronella to keep the bugs away just as we do. Uses: Keeping bugs the hell off your skin. Fresh lemongrass stalks and leaf buds can be available all year-round in the local markets. Look carefully, and avoid yellow discolored and spotted leaves. Once at hom… Here are common names of Lemongrass: Lemongrass in German: Zitronengräser Lemongrass in French: Cymbopogon Citronellal has been found to be antiseptic and sedative. Cymbopogon nardus or citronella is used for the purposes the first two sweet grasses were used for. Cymbopogon citratus is a perennial grass that has been intentionally introduced in tropical and subtropical regions of the world for the essential oil extracts from its leaves and to be used as a culinary and medicinal herb. The main purpose of having a scientific name is to have a same name accepted and used worldwide. Along with the scientific name of Lemongrass, know the scientific names of other plants too. In the Bible on finds verses referencing sweet smelling grasses. 2000 years after the burial chambers were sealed, the perfume was still hanging around. The term Kenah was likely a generic term for aromatic grasses. Benefits: - Lemon grass is low in calories and has no cholesterol, making it a beneficial flavoring for cooking and teas - The essential oil in this plant called citral is highly fragrant and contains a substance believed to be beneficial in relieving spasm, muscle cramps, headaches, and … I make a lemon grass salve that is fantastic to keep joint pain under control and to kill infections on the skin. Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report. Lemongrass oil is a symptomatic treatment that is it takes the pain out of the joint but does not do anything to attack the underlying condition. Many homemakers in East Asia, however, pick them fresh for use incooking from the backyard garden. The linear leaves can grow up to 90 cm in height and 5 mm in width. Its scientific name is Cymbopogon ciatrus. On closer examination, I have discovered the product they bought was either fake lemon grass oil or diluted lemon grass oil. Scientific Name and Common Name; Kingdom: Plantae – Plants Subkingdom: Tracheobionta – Vascular plants Superdivision: Spermatophyta – Seed plants Division: Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants Class Cymbopogon is a tall, aromatic, perennial grass native to tropical Asia. (10) - Cymbopogon derives from the Greek words " kymbe " meaning "boat" and " pogon " meaning "beard", referring to the flower spike arrangement. Citral, which has been found to be antihistaminic, antiseptic, bactericidal, cancer preventative, fungicide, and sedative. The common name of any plant can differ region to region. Its volatile oil is 65% citrol, 12% myrcene, and 23% sundry oils. Make sure what you are buying is the real thing and nothing else. Lemongrass plant clade, plant tribe and order fall under the scientific classification of Lemongrass. This is a rare occurrence. Have you ever bought citronella candles at the hardware store to keep the bugs away from the guests at a barbecue? Its great for sore muscles, sore joints, and as a spread over superficial wounds! The rusa oil is used as a topical application in painful joints and muscles. Indeed, the ancients knew a number of sweet smelling grasses. Overview Information Lemon is a type of citrus fruit. Lemongrass. It develops over time, according to use, look, and lore. Lemongrass Common names: Citronella, Citronella grass, Lemongrass Scientific name: Cymbopogon marginatus, C. nardus, C. citratus Family: Gramineae Photo courtesy of Les Bohm Plant parts used Leaves, roots Mode of action Insecticidal, repellent Formulations Mosquitoes carry malaria, which was bad news in the ancient world. There is evidence that the ancients used a variety of these sweet canes. Cymbopogon citratus, commonly known as lemon grass or oil grass, is actually a tropical plant native to tropical Asia mostly southern parts of India and Sri Lanka. Science: Volatile oils make it an active bacteria killer and bug repellent Practitioners’ Opinion: A natural, safe choice for repelling insects. Cymbopogon citratus, or lemon grass, contains about .4% of volatile oil. C. flexuosus is known as cochin lemongrass, British Indian lemongrass, East Indian lemongrass, or French Indian verbena. [1] Leaves grow to a length of up to 1 meter, about 1to 1.5 centimeters wide, scabrous, flat, long-acuminate, and smooth. Every plant has different names in different languages. Synonyms for lemongrass include barbed wire grass, cha de Dartigalongue, citronella grass, cymbopogon, fever grass, gavati chahapati, hierba Luisa, silky heads, tanglad and Cymbopogon citratus. The scientific name of Lemongrass is the botanical name or formal name. No one knows exactly which of the fragrant grasses were used by the Israelites and other ancient civilisations. “This grass is usually used in the form of infusion, four ounces of grass to one pint of boiling water. Lemongrass. substitute lemongrass paste for stalk. It designates two different species, East Indian (Cymbopogon flexuosus) and West Indian (Cymbopogon citratus). Alternative Titles: Xanthorrhoea, grass gum, yacca, yucca Grass tree, (genus Xanthorrhoea), genus of about 30 species of slow-growing perennial plants (family Asphodelaceae) endemic to Australia. You can spray these about yourself and the house to your hears content and not worry about anybody growing a second head. The bottle must say 100% pure essential oil on the label. Lemongrass in Spanish can be different from Lemongrass in English. Keeping bugs away was a life or death situation. Specifically, it has been found to be as effective against some gram positive bacteria as is penicillin. The one that may ring some bells for you is Cymbopogon nardus or citronella. It is carminative and tonic to the intestinal mucous membrane, useful in vomiting and diarrhoea.”. Hence, scientific name of Lemongrass is used worldwide. 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