We exploit the uniform and equal distribution of land between the Agua Caliente tribe and non-Indians in Palm Springs, CA in our analysis. And as we said before, a particular law might be narrow in focus, making it both simple and sensible to move it wholesale into a particular slot in the Code. 951 et seq.) Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled That on and after approved September 21, 1959, commonly known as the "Agua Caliente Equalization Act of 1959" (25 U.S.C. Instead, those who classify laws into the Code typically leave a note explaining how a particular law has been classified into the Code. 38 Agua Caliente Cultural Museum, “Since Time Immemorial.” 2004). The Equalization Act of September 21, 1959 finalized the individual Indian allotments. Secretary of the Interior Fred A. Seaton has submitted a proposed bill to Congress that would equalize the value of tribal property divided among members of the Ague Caliente Band of Indians on the Palm Springs Reservation in California. The concept 25 USC sec. 1989 The Agua Caliente Development Authority is formed - an economic development subsidiary of the Tribe. Agua Caliente Band of Cahuilla Indians as an outcome of the land value equalization process: San Bernardino and Base Meridian, California Township 5 South, Range 4 East Section 16, all; ±640.00 acres—RiversideCounty Assessor’s ParcelNo. Montana, 650 F.2d 1104 (9th Cir. It is usually found in the Note section attached to a relevant section of the Code, usually under a paragraph identified as the "Short Title". Section-by-Section Analysis Section 1--Findings The first finding is that the Agua Caliente Equalization Act of 1959 (ACEA) was intended to provide for a reasonable degree of equalization of the value of allotments made to members of the Agua Caliente Band of Cahuilla Indians; The second finding is that the ACEA was enacted in response to the litigation in the case of Segundo, et al v. § 1362 are unique because most challenges to state tax provisions are barred from federal review under the Tax Injunction Act, a bar separate and distinct from that posed by the Eleventh Amendment. Laws acquire popular names as they make their way through Congress. The court may, upon application, solve these disputes under s. 10(1) of the FLA by making a declaration of ownership for a specific piece of property, ordering one spouse to compensate the other spouse for that property, or ordering the property sold and the proceeds from its sale divided. But this is not normally the case, and often different provisions of the law will logically belong in different, scattered locations in the Code. the ACBCI, Congress also directed the allotment of nearly the entire Agua Caliente Indian Reservation in the Agua Caliente Equalization Act of September 21, 1959, 25 U. S.C. §951, et seq., for the sole purpose of using long -term leasing as the economic engine for the development of the unique trust assets of the Agua Caliente Indian Reservation. The County and subordinate taxing jurisdictions provide virtually all governmental services non-Indian lessees enjoy, paid for, in part, with PIT 954 [Indians: Agua Caliente (Palm Springs) Reservation of California; equalization of allotments; powers and duties of guardians] represents the subject, aboutness, idea or notion of resources found in Bowdoin College Library. In theory, any law -- or individual provisions within any law -- passed by Congress should be classifiable into one or more slots in the framework of the Code. In addition, the Agua Caliente Equalization Act of 1959 (25 U.S.C. 1959, commonly known as the ‘Agua Caliente Equali-zation Act of 1959’ (25 U.S.C. Since time immemorial, the Palm Springs area has been home to the Agua Caliente Band of Cahuilla Indians. The United States Code is meant to be an organized, logical compilation of the laws passed by Congress. Sometimes they are a way of recognizing or honoring the sponsor or creator of a particular law (as with the 'Taft-Hartley Act'). 951 et seq.) So-called "Short Title" links, and links to particular sections of the Code, will lead you to a textual roadmap (the section notes) describing how the particular law was incorporated into the Code. 602 ( 25 U.S.C. 602 (25 U.S.C. 602, which directed the Secretary of the Interior to do whatever is necessary and proper to equalize as nearly as possible the values of all allotments of land on the Agua Caliente (Palm Springs) Reservation, was omitted from the Code as being of special and not general application. View luxury real estate property details for Agua caliente, Naucalpan de Juárez, Mexico, MX (MLS#: HCV-108-28646) at Coldwell Banker Global Luxury International. Our Table of Popular Names is organized alphabetically by popular name. As a result, often the law will not be found in one place neatly identified by its popular name. Agua Caliente lands are interspersed with non-Indian lands within the boundaries of the Reservation..... 12 2. Agua Caliente Band of Cahuilla Indians is proud to support the Bob Hope USO in Palm Springs today with a donation of water and playing cards that will support troops at 29 Palms Marine Base and inbound and outbound troops. The land involved in Oklahoma Tax Comm'n was allotted pursuant to a statute containing the same language, and my Brothers construe the opinion in that case as a refusal to imply a tax exemption from the language. In September of 1959, the Agua Caliente Indian Leasing Act and Equalization Act were signed into law. 1971). However, more than 50 years passed before the allotment elections were approved by the Secretary of the Interior. On the other hand, legislation often contains bundles of topically unrelated provisions that collectively respond to a particular public need or problem. (referred to in this section as the "Act") was intended to provide for a reasonable degree of equalization of the value of allotments made to members of the Agua Caliente … 602, which enacted this subchapter, was popularly known as the “Agua Caliente Equalization Act of 1959”., Sept. 21, 1959, 73 Stat. Pub. The Tribe also forms a committee for cultural 8587: An Act to provide for the equalization of allotments on the Agua Caliente (Palm Springs) Reservation in California, and for other purposes H.R. For instance, individuals were given parcels located near the central business district in Palm Springs as well as on the outskirts of the city. �q[��҄�k�a_��% a>-�CO76lI��Ғ>2�-q����C��s��Xrw~\����i߾&c_sB����y��"]Q*/��f�A F�Ă�|�J�r+i�|'m&薆����N�i2����Ue�����[�z�0�D����ㄵ?�"��]�7MÙaA��v�{K���$�C��vx��#1h��R�����V�n76Mm:l`:�?��hq��mX��s��s�.0��-�������j���������k��6U�0���i"�}ܧ�o"$B��tz�v��n��S�]g�W����)�S����d��A�u����`�Zp�Dȓ|�o?�,+3�����}�}ʈ�G�^?0��ٯRa�!$4^�p���������Q���vs��'�$E2Ut0%E�&ܸ��z\�%���O�d\��Vl�]�=d�Tځ9?4�d�C8�T�EAѣ ?6��n���|J%�,�ڟ�]�M|�uc�+��ͪJ@�~gU�?����ze��i����6�C�O��F����a����3f3J��n���U/�����b�������;���G��w��2����}!4��i�[�_����zL�ĕ�F�[�`����m�S�� �RX���ol 6үMK�@�,��)���/���9ɔe�@��JƱn���#9bA�RZ�י��]�D%�ߦs��)�gZ�T��:�t]k8S�+V'�x4ƚ �e��ʄ=�Y2��7o?��|�=X"�@����dfgh�������������0t��H��>��4!C����`����}q5w��Rz��Śs���UWv{�tE�@�,��:��ݟ�Q�N��lv)�=E7^�B�C�. A farm bill, for instance, might contain provisions that affect the tax status of farmers, their management of land or treatment of the environment, a system of price limits or supports, and so on. Sometimes, the ownership of a piece of property may be a source of dispute between the spouses. § 954 : Indians — Miscellaneous — Agua Caliente (Palm Springs) Reservation Of California: Equalization Of Allotments — Powers And Duties Of Guardians on CaseMine. Finally, acts may be referred to by a different name, or may have been renamed, the links will take you to the appropriate listing in the table. An allotment is a land parcel owned by a Tribal Member. Each of these individual provisions would, logically, belong in a different place in the Code. 3 0 obj In 2019, Bob Hope USO Palm Springs served a total 39,630 military servicemen and servicewomen and their families. §§ 5101–29, “which was intended in part to permit the tribes to set up legal structures designed to aid in self-government,” Kahawaiolaa v. Norton, 386 F.3d 1271, 1273 (9th Cir. And sometimes they are meant to garner political support for a law by giving it a catchy name (as with the 'USA Patriot Act' or the 'Take Pride in America Act') or by invoking public outrage or sympathy (as with any number of laws named for victims of crimes). Sometimes classification is easy; the law could be written with the Code in mind, and might specifically amend, extend, or repeal particular chunks of the existing Code, making it no great challenge to figure out how to classify its various parts. 602, which enacted this subchapter, was … Sometimes these names say something about the substance of the law (as with the '2002 Winter Olympic Commemorative Coin Act'). %PDF-1.6 1. L. 86–339, § 1, Sept. 21, 1959, 73 Stat. Coachella argued that the 1851 Act required all claims to land to be submitted, and that the Agua Caliente’s failure to submit a claim within the two-year period set forth in the Act meant that any claims to the land were extinguished in 1853. x��\�r#����OJ���}�����V9�cɕ�(#j$M‹L�Z�?��?�1��`8�������}����J�j�[���Z.Y��;���-V��՟���^|�]�cq�����c�Bɥ���ˊ��n��]��~��o�_����J.n�W4������k��������C��������a���_7��o���0R�:������ɔ�V1��~�ŏ?��s2�c�7_��Zn����'��� �o�ڥv�����_p��IV����ܾ�����Y�;��d���B� �ˣVazk������on��������J�6z��bu�ُ��u�L� Archaeological research has discovered that the Cahuilla have occupied Tahquitz Canyon for at least 5,000 years, mirroring the migration stories of the Cahuilla people. AN ACT To confer jurisdiction on the State of California over the lands and residents of the Agua Caliente Indian Reservation in said State, and for other purposes. 37 These land struggles of the Agua Caliente Band of Cahuilla Indians came to an end when President Eisenhower signed the Equalization Law in 1959. 1981); Agua Caliente Band of Mission Indians v. County of Riverside, 442 F.2d 1184 (9th Cir. (referred to in this section as the ‘‘Act’’) was intended to provide for a reasonable degree of equalization of the value of allotments made to members of the Agua Caliente … 951 [September 21, 1959]) equalized the portfolio of land holdings for each tribal member. Since time immemorial, the Palm Springs area has been home to the Agua Caliente Band of Cahuilla Indians for generations. 8587 (86 th): An Act to provide for the equalization of allotments on the Agua Caliente (Palm Springs) Reservation in California, and for other purposes React to this bill with an emoji Save your opinion on this bill on a six-point scale from strongly oppose to strongly support The process of incorporating a newly-passed piece of legislation into the Code is known as "classification" -- essentially a process of deciding where in the logical organization of the Code the various parts of the particular law belong. 686-020-016: appraised value $190,000.00; Likewise, Coachella argued that the record lacked sufficient factual support for Agua Caliente’s aboriginal groundwater rights claim. In a six-page opinion, Chief Judge John Dowdell with the Northern District of Oklahoma ruled Tuesday that the Shawnee Tribe’s lawsuit against the Department of the Treasury over its share of CARES Act money should be moved to the same venue that has already heard similar complaints from several tribes, including the Prairie Band of Potawatomi, Agua Caliente Band of Cahuilla Indians and … "(1) among its purposes, the Act entitled 'An Act to provide for the equalization of allotments on the Agua Caliente (Palm Springs) Reservation in California, and for other purposes', approved September 21, 1959, commonly known as the 'Agua Caliente Equalization Act of 1959' (25 U.S.C. L. 86-339, Sept. 21, 1959, 73 Stat. 951 et seq.) %���� 602, which enacted this subchapter, was popularly known as the “Agua Caliente Equalization Act of 1959”. equalization. At its top level, it divides the world of legislation into fifty topically-organized Titles, and each Title is further subdivided into any number of logical subtopics. In 1959, owing to the lobbying efforts of an all-woman tribal council, President Dwight Eisenhower signed the Equalization Act, which enabled the … You'll find three types of link associated with each popular name (though each law may not have all three types). The tribe and tribe members (allottees) could now realize profits from their lands and developed the ninety-nine-year lease. 951 [September 21, 1959]) established the final assignment of lands to Agua Caliente tribal members and greatly facilitated the conversion of 2 I use the term American Indian, as opposed to the term Native American, as the trust land status How the LII Table of Popular Names works. 984 (1934), 25 U.S.C. Ownership of each asset must be determined before the equalization payment can be calculated. L. 86-339, Sept. 21, 1959, 73 Stat. Short title, see 25 U.S.C. Each member of the Agua Caliente had become the … The legislation was developed after numerous conferences with the Ague Caliente Band. H.R. L. 86–339, Sept. 21, 1959, 73 Stat. One spouse will sometim… 951 note Due to the General Allotment Act of 1887, the land was divided in a checkerboard pattern with even-numbered parcels provided to Agua Caliente government or individual tribal members and odd-numbered parcels (held in fee-simple status) were sold to non-Indians. Section, Pub. The Agua Caliente Equalization Act of 1959 (25 U.S.C. (Of course, this isn't always the case; some legislation deals with a fairly narrow range of related concerns.). L. 86–339, Sept. 21, 1959, 73 Stat. 951 et seq.) Nor will a full-text search of the Code necessarily reveal where all the pieces have been scattered. <>stream 951 et seq.). History books, newspapers, and other sources use the popular name to refer to these laws. One, a reference to a Public Law number, is a link to the bill as it was originally passed by Congress, and will take you to the LRC THOMAS legislative system, or GPO FDSYS site. approved September 21, 1959, commonly known as the ‘‘Agua Caliente Equalization Act of 1959’’ (25 U.S.C. Get full details of 25 U.S.C. The Agua Caliente lands were given 'for the sole use and benefit' of the Band, to be conveyed at the end of the trust period 'free of all charge or encumbrance whatsoever.' Why can't these popular names easily be found in the US Code? Pub. AGUA CALIENTE TRIBE V. SWEENEY 7 In 1934, Congress passed the Indian Reorganization Act (“Reorganization Act”), 48 Stat. 1959 Congress passes the Equalization Act 1977 Agua Caliente Band of Cahuilla Indians and the City of Palm Springs enter into the first Land Use Contract recorded in the country ever. 951 et seq.) Pub. 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